Sachith Info Solutions

Sachith Info

About XML Training

XML abbreviation is Extensible Mark up Language. It is the interchange between the applications and organizations.Here we can learn about the Xml and related technologies Xpath and Xquery and DOM.

Objectives of the Course

  • Learn about xml documents Using DOM and Xquery
  • XML and related Technologies
  • Master the core syntax of XML, DTD, and XML Schema

Pre Requisites of the Course

B.E/, M.E/ learn this course

XML Training Course Content

What is XML?

  • What is markup? (Markup = Tagging)
  • What are the similarities between HTML and XML
  • Is XML is Replacement for HTML
  • What are the differences between HTML and XML
  • What is the purpose of XML
  • What XML Does
  • Who invented XML tags
  • What is an XML document?
  • What is XML application?

XML Syntax

  • An example XML document:
  • All XML elements must have a closing tag
  • XML tags are case sensitive
  • All XML elements must be properly nested
  • All XML documents must have a root tag
  • Attribute values must always be quoted
  • Entity References
  • Comments in XML
  • White-space is Preserved in XML

What is a well-formed XML document

What is an XML Element

What are the XML Naming Rules

What are the Best Naming Practices

XML Attributes

  • XML Attributes Must be Quoted
  • Use of Elements vs. Attributes
  • Avoid using attributes? (I say yes!)
  • XML Attributes for Metadata
  • XML Documents Form a Tree Structure

How to view XML files

How to develop an XML document

How to check the well-formedness of XML document

How to validate XML document

What is an XML parser? What are its functions

What is DTD

What are the constituents of DTD file? (Contains)

  • Elements
  • Attributes
  • Entities
  • PCDATA – Parsed Character Data
  • CDATA – (Unparsed) Character Data

DTD – Elements

  • Declaring an Element
  • Empty elements
  • Elements with data
  • Elements with children (sequences)

What is cardinality operator in DTD

  • Declaring only one occurrence of the same element
  • Declaring minimum one occurrence of the same element
  • Declaring zero or more occurrences of the same element
  • Declaring zero or one occurrences of the same element
  • Declaring mixed content

DTD – Attributes

  • Declaring Attributes
  • Attribute declaration example
  • Default attribute value
  • Implied attribute
  • Required attribute
  • Fixed attribute value
  • Enumerated attribute values

DTD – Entities

  • Entities as variables used to define shortcuts to common text.
  • Entity references are references to entities.
  • Entities can be declared internal.
  • Entities can be declared external

How to associate a DTD with XML

  • Inside an XML document
  • External reference.

What do you know about SYSTEM keyword in DOCTYPE declaration
What are the limitations of DTD
What is an XSD
What XSD defines
Compare and contrast DTDs and XSDs

Data Types

  • Simple Types
  • Complex Types

How to give Default and Fixed Values to Simple Elements ?
How to Define an Attribute?
How to define fixed and default values to attributes?
How to specify an attribute as optional/ required?

XSD Restrictions/Facets

  • Restrictions on Values
  • Restrictions on a Set of Values
  • Restrictions on a Series of Values
  • Number of Digits
  • Restrictions on Whitespace Characters
  • Restrictions on Length
  • Restrictions for Datatypes

Nonatomic Types

  • Lists
  • Unions

Complex Types

  • Elements with attributes
  • Elements with sub elements
  • Elements with attributes and  text
  • Elements with sub elements and text

Empty Elements


Order Indicators

  • All
  • Choice
  • Sequence

Occurrence Indicators

  • maxOccurs
  • minOccurs

Group Indicators

  • Group name
  • AttributeGroup name

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